The Birds of Winter

The winter birding period, beginning December 1st and ending on the last day of February, is a rewarding time to bird in Nova Scotia. Most of our migratory breeding species have long since departed, as have passage migrants that spend some brief time here in the fall before continuing south, but the occasional straggler may remain. Many species that breed further north come to Nova Scotia to spend the winter in our relatively mild climate, and can only be seen here in the coldest part of the year. Finally, there are a good number of species that live in Nova Scotia year-round and can be seen more easily in winter than other seasons. Keeping a personal winter list is a great way to keep motivated when it is often easy to justify staying indoors on a cold day!

It has been almost 20 years since distinguished NSBS member Blake Maybank began keeping track of Nova Scotia's winter bird sightings. To his way of thinking, it was a worthwhile communal activity toward which birders could contribute, and something every province should take to heart. As we enter the 2015-16 winter season without Blake, the Nova Scotia Bird Society will be the stewards for his legacy of enthusiastic winter listing for years to come. Stop by throughout the winter season for updates to the official list.

Legend:

X (P) - (Sub)species was seen in the indicated winter season.
*X* (*P*) - (Sub)species was seen in the Depths of Winter (i.e., February) of the indicated season.

Species in white are usually recorded every winter season.
Species in yellow are not recorded every winter season.
Species in orange have less than 10 total records in NS.
Species in red are presumed extirpated.

COMMON NAME WINTER SEASON
ANATIDAE (Waterfowl) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
Fulvous Whistling-Duck                     2  
Tundra Bean-Goose     X               0  
Pink-footed Goose     X   X X         1  
Greater White-fronted Goose X     X *X* X   *X*     5  
Graylag Goose           *X*         0  
Snow Goose X *X* X *X* X X X *X* *X* X 5  
Ross's Goose     X X             0  
Brant *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Barnacle Goose     X               0  
Cackling Goose X       X X   X X   2  
Canada Goose *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Mute Swan                     2  
Trumpeter Swan                   X 0  
Tundra Swan           X   X     1  
Wood Duck *X* *X*   X *X* *X* X X X *X* 10  
Gadwall *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Eurasian Wigeon *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
American Wigeon *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
American Black Duck *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Mallard *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Blue-winged Teal   X X X X X X *X* X X 4  
Northern Shoveler *X* X X X X   X X *X* *X* 10  
Northern Pintail *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Green-winged Teal *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Green-winged Teal (Eurasian) P   P P   *P*         0  
Canvasback   X   *X* X     *X*   X 4  
Redhead   X   X *X* *X* X X X *X* 5  
Ring-necked Duck *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Tufted Duck *X* X *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X*   X 10  
Greater Scaup *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Lesser Scaup *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
King Eider         X X X *X*     7  
Common Eider *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Harlequin Duck *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Surf Scoter *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
White-winged Scoter *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Black Scoter *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Long-tailed Duck *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Bufflehead *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Common Goldeneye *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Barrow's Goldeneye *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Hooded Merganser *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Common Merganser *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Red-breasted Merganser *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Ruddy Duck *X* X *X* X X X X X X X 10  
PHASIANIDAE (Pheasants, Grouse, and Allies) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
Gray Partridge       *X*     X *X* *X* *X* 10 EXTIRPATED
Ring-necked Pheasant *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Ruffed Grouse *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Spruce Grouse *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Willow Ptarmigan                     0 1969
GAVIIDAE (Loons) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
Red-throated Loon *X* *X* *X* *X*   *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Pacific Loon                   X 1  
Common Loon *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
PODICIPEDIDAE (Grebes) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
Pied-billed Grebe X X X X *X* X X *X* X X 10  
Horned Grebe *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Red-necked Grebe *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Eared Grebe                     0 1992
PROCELLARIIDAE (Shearwaters and Petrels) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
Northern Fulmar X X X X X X X X X *X* 10  
Cory's Shearwater         X           0  
Great Shearwater X   X X X   X       7  
Sooty Shearwater       X X       X   1  
Manx Shearwater               X        
HYDROBATIDAE (Storm-Petrels) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
Leach's Storm-Petrel       X             3  
FREGATIDAE (Frigatebirds) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
Magnificent Frigatebird                 X      
SULIDAE (Boobies and Gannets) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
Northern Gannet X X *X* *X* *X* X X X X *X* 10  
PHALACROCORACIDAE (Cormorants) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
Double-crested Cormorant *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Great Cormorant *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
PELECANIDAE (Pelicans) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
Brown Pelican                     1  
American White Pelican X                      
ARDEIDAE (Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
American Bittern X X *X* X   X X X   X 3  
Great Blue Heron *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Great Egret X X   X X     X X X 5  
Snowy Egret   X       X         0  
Little Blue Heron                     2  
Tricolored Heron                     0 1975
Cattle Egret   X               X 2  
Green Heron               X     0  
Black-crowned Night-Heron             X       3  
Yellow-crowned Night-Heron                     1  
THRESKIORNITHIDAE (Ibises) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
Glossy Ibis                   X 0  
CATHARTIDAE (Vultures) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
Black Vulture   *X*     *X*     *X* X X 4  
Turkey Vulture *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
PANDIONIDAE (Osprey) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
Osprey *X*     X       X     0  
ACCIPITRIDAE (Hawks, Eagles, and Kites) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
Bald Eagle *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Northern Harrier *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Sharp-shinned Hawk *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Cooper's Hawk *X* *X* X *X* X     *X* X *X* 7  
Northern Goshawk *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Red-shouldered Hawk *X* *X*     *X* *X* X *X* *X*   3  
Broad-winged Hawk *X* *X* X X *X* *X* X *X* X X 7  
Red-tailed Hawk *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Rough-legged Hawk *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Golden Eagle   *X* X *X*   X     *X*   6  
RALLIDAE (Rails, Gallinules, and Coots) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
Yellow Rail                     0 1904 & 1966
Clapper Rail                     0 5 records
Virginia Rail       X       X X   3  
Sora       X   X   X     0  
Purple Gallinule X                   1  
Common Gallinule       X *X*           0  
American Coot *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
GRUIDAE (Cranes) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
Sandhill Crane X   X X *X* *X* X   X *X* 2  
RECURVIROSTRIDAE (Stilts and Avocets) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
American Avocet                     1  
CHARADRIIDAE (Plovers and Lapwings) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
Northern Lapwing       X   X         0  
Black-bellied Plover *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
American Golden-Plover X     X           X 0  
Common Ringed Plover       X             0  
Semipalmated Plover   X X X       X     2  
Piping Plover       X             0  
Killdeer *X* X *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* X *X* 10  
SCOLOPACIDAE (Sandpipers and Allies) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
Spotted Sandpiper       X     X       1  
Greater Yellowlegs X X   X X *X* X X   X 8  
Willet                 X   2  
Lesser Yellowlegs   X     X     X   X 8  
Upland Sandpiper                     2  
Whimbrel                     1  
Hudsonian Godwit       X             0  
Bar-tailed Godwit                     1  
Marbled Godwit                     1  
Ruddy Turnstone *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* X X X *X* 9  
Red Knot X   X *X* *X* *X*   X X *X* 10  
Ruff X                   1  
Stilt Sandpiper                     1  
Sanderling *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Dunlin *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Purple Sandpiper *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Baird's Sandpiper                     1  
Least Sandpiper X                   0 1976
White-rumped Sandpiper   X   X     X     X 10  
Pectoral Sandpiper           X         0  
Semipalmated Sandpiper     X X       X   X 9  
Short-billed Dowitcher                   X 2  
Long-billed Dowitcher X     X *X*   X X   X 4  
Wilson's Snipe X *X* X *X* X *X* X *X* *X* X 10  
American Woodcock *X* *X* *X* *X*   *X* X X X *X* 10  
Red-necked Phalarope             X       0  
Red Phalarope *X*   X               2  
STERCORARIIDAE (Skuas and Jaegers) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
Great Skua         X           1  
Pomarine Jaeger X X X   X   X     X 4  
Parasitic Jaeger             X       4  
Long-tailed Jaeger       X             0  
ALCIDAE (Auks, Murres, and Puffins) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
Dovekie *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Common Murre *X* X X *X* X X X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Thick-billed Murre *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Razorbill *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Black Guillemot *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Atlantic Puffin X X X X X X X X X X 10  
LARIDAE (Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
Black-legged Kittiwake *X* X X X *X* X X X X *X* 10  
Ivory Gull               *X* X   5  
Sabine's Gull                     0 1977 & 1978
Bonaparte's Gull *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Black-headed Gull *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Little Gull           X X     X 4  
Ross's Gull                     0 1995
Laughing Gull X X       X   X     3  
Franklin's Gull                     0 1991
Mew (Common) Gull *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 9  
Ring-billed Gull *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Herring Gull *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Thayer's Gull X           X   X   7  
Iceland Gull *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Lesser Black-backed Gull *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Slaty-backed Gull                     1  
Glaucous Gull *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Great Black-backed Gull *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Caspian Tern                     1  
Black Tern                     0 1966
Common Tern   X               X 1  
Forster's Tern   X X X       *X*   X 5  
Black Skimmer                     1  
COLUMBIDAE (Pigeons and Doves) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
Rock Pigeon *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Band-tailed Pigeon                     0 1981
White-winged Dove X       X       *X* X 2  
Mourning Dove *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
CUCULIDAE (Cuckoos) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
Yellow-billed Cuckoo                   X 0  
TYTONIDAE (Barn-Owls) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
Barn Owl                     0 4 records
STRIGIDAE (Owls) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
Great Horned Owl *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Snowy Owl *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X X *X* X *X* 10  
Northern Hawk-Owl           X         1  
Barred Owl *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Long-eared Owl X     *X* X X X X X *X* 10  
Short-eared Owl *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Northern Saw-whet Owl *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Boreal Owl               X     2  
APODIDAE (Swifts) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
Chimney Swift                     1  
TROCHILIDAE (Hummingbirds) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
Ruby-throated Hummingbird                   X 0  
ALCEDINIDAE (Kingfishers) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
Belted Kingfisher *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
PICIDAE (Woodpeckers) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
Red-headed Woodpecker X       *X*     *X*     4  
Red-bellied Woodpecker *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X X *X* *X* X 9  
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker *X* *X* X X *X*     X *X* *X* 5  
Downy Woodpecker *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Hairy Woodpecker *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
American Three-toed Woodpecker                   X 3  
Black-backed Woodpecker *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Northern Flicker *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Pileated Woodpecker *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
FALCONIDAE (Falcons and Caracaras) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
Crested Caracara     X               0  
Eurasian Kestrel   *X*                 0  
American Kestrel *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Merlin *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Gyrfalcon   X *X*   *X* X X X X *X* 7  
Peregrine Falcon *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
TYRANNIDAE (Tyrant Flycatchers) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
Dusky Flycatcher   X                 1  
Eastern Phoebe X *X* X X   X   X   X 4  
Say's Phoebe         X X       X 1  
Ash-throated Flycatcher   X                 1  
Western Kingbird X       X   X X     2  
Eastern Kingbird                     1  
Scissor-tailed Flycatcher                     0 1984
LANIIDAE (Shrikes) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
Brown Shrike                     1  
Loggerhead Shrike                     0 3 records
Northern Shrike *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
VIRENOIDAE (Vireos) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
White-eyed Vireo X X             X   1  
Bell's Vireo                   X 1  
Blue-headed Vireo X X   X X           5  
Red-eyed Vireo                     2  
CORVIDAE (Crows, Jays, and Magpies) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
Gray Jay *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Blue Jay *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Eurasian Jackdaw                     0 1984/85
American Crow *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Fish Crow                     0 1966 & 1967
Common Raven *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
ALAUDIDAE (Larks) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
Horned Lark *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
HIRUNDINIDAE (Swallows) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
Tree Swallow X X X   X           5  
Cliff Swallow                     0 1948
Barn Swallow     *X*               1  
PARIDAE (Chickadees and Titmice) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
Black-capped Chickadee *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Boreal Chickadee *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
SITTIDAE (Nuthatches) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
Red-breasted Nuthatch *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
White-breasted Nuthatch *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
CERTHIIDAE (Treecreepers) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
Brown Creeper *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
TROGLODYTIDAE (Wrens) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
House Wren   X   X X X X X X X 6  
Winter Wren *X* X *X* X X X X X X *X* 9  
Sedge Wren                     0 1982
Marsh Wren X X   X X   X X     8  
Carolina Wren   *X* *X* *X*   *X* X *X* *X* *X* 2  
POLIOPTILIDAE (Gnatcatchers) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
Blue-gray Gnatcatcher X       X X     X   4  
REGULIDAE (Kinglets) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
Golden-crowned Kinglet *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Ruby-crowned Kinglet *X* X X *X* X *X* X X *X* *X* 10  
MUSCICAPIDAE (Old World Flycatchers) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
Northern Wheatear                     2  
TURDIDAE (Thrushes and Allies) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
Eastern Bluebird     X *X* *X* *X* X       4  
Mountain Bluebird X       X           2  
Townsend's Solitaire     *X*     *X*     *X*   4  
Veery                     1  
Swainson's Thrush                     1  
Hermit Thrush *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Wood Thrush                     0 1967 / 68
Fieldfare   *X*             X   0  
Redwing *X*                 X 0  
American Robin *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Varied Thrush X   *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X*   4  
MIMIDAE (Mockingbirds and Thrashers) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
Gray Catbird *X* *X* *X* X X *X* X *X* *X* *X* 8  
Brown Thrasher X *X* *X* X *X* *X* X *X* X *X* 8  
Northern Mockingbird *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
STURNIDAE (Starlings) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
European Starling *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
MOTACILLIDAE (Wagtails and Pipits) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
American Pipit *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
BOMBYCILLIDAE (Waxwings) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
Bohemian Waxwing *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Cedar Waxwing *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
CALCARIIDAE (Longspurs and Snow Buntings) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
Lapland Longspur *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Snow Bunting *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
PARULIDAE (New World Warblers) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
Ovenbird   X   X X X       X 5  
Northern Waterthrush     X               2  
Blue-winged Warbler                     1  
Black-and-white Warbler   X   X X *X* X X X X 6  
Tennessee Warbler                     0 1983
Orange-crowned Warbler *X* *X* X *X* X *X* X *X* X X 10  
Nashville Warbler X   X     X   X   X 10  
MacGillivray's Warbler                     1  
Common Yellowthroat X X X X X X X X X X 10  
Hooded Warbler                     0 1976
American Redstart X         X         1  
Cape May Warbler   X   X   X         2  
Northern Parula   X X   X   X   X   4  
Magnolia Warbler       X             4  
Bay-breasted Warbler                     1  
Yellow Warbler         X           0  
Blackpoll Warbler       X   X         3  
Black-throated Blue Warbler                     3  
Palm Warbler X X X X X X X X X X 10  
Pine Warbler *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Yellow-rumped Warbler *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Yellow-rumped Warbler (Audubon's)                     0  
Yellow-throated Warbler   *X* X   X X X   *X* X 6  
Prairie Warbler X X       X X       1  
Black-throated Gray Warbler                     0 1984
Townsend's Warbler                     0 1993
Hermit Warbler X             X     0  
Black-throated Green Warbler   X                 3  
Wilson's Warbler X X X   X         X 6  
Yellow-breasted Chat *X* X X *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* X 10  
EMBERIZIDAE (Buntings and New World Sparrows) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
Spotted Towhee             X       0  
Eastern Towhee *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
American Tree Sparrow *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Chipping Sparrow *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Clay-colored Sparrow *X* X X *X*   X X X *X* *X* 4  
Field Sparrow X *X* *X* *X* X *X*     X *X* 7  
Vesper Sparrow X X             X *X* 5  
Lark Sparrow *X* X   *X*   *X*   X   *X* 7  
Lark Bunting                     0 1959 & 1968
Savannah Sparrow *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Savannah Sparrow (Ipswich) *P* *P* *P* *P* *P* *P* *P* *P* *P* *P* 0  
Grasshopper Sparrow   X     X   X X X   2  
Le Conte's Sparrow               X     1  
Nelson's Sparrow   X                 6  
Saltmarsh Sparrow                     1  
Seaside Sparrow                     2  
Fox Sparrow *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X X *X* *X* X 10  
Song Sparrow *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Lincoln's Sparrow *X* X X X X X X X X *X* 7  
Swamp Sparrow *X* *X* X *X* X *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
White-throated Sparrow *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Harris's Sparrow   X               *X* 0  
White-crowned Sparrow X *X* *X* *X* X *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Golden-crowned Sparrow               *X*   X 2  
Dark-eyed Junco *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
CARDINALIDAE (Cardinals and Allies) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
Summer Tanager         X X   X     3  
Scarlet Tanager                     2  
Western Tanager   *X* X             *X* 4  
Northern Cardinal *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Rose-breasted Grosbeak X     *X* *X*   X *X*     4  
Black-headed Grosbeak                     1  
Blue Grosbeak                     1  
Lazuli Bunting         X           0  
Indigo Bunting X     *X* X   X X X X 2  
Painted Bunting               X   X 4  
Dickcissel X *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* X *X* 10  
ICTERIDAE (Blackbirds) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
Bobolink           X         0  
Red-winged Blackbird *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Eastern Meadowlark   X X *X* *X* *X* X X *X* X 10  
Western Meadowlark                     0 1982
Yellow-headed Blackbird   *X* X *X*   X       *X* 4  
Rusty Blackbird *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X*   9  
Brewer's Blackbird               X     1  
Common Grackle *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Great-tailed Grackle                     0 1983/84
Brown-headed Cowbird *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Orchard Oriole                     1  
Bullock's Oriole *X*   X           *X*   2  
Baltimore Oriole *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
FRINGILLIDAE (Finches) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
Common Chaffinch                     1  
Brambling                     0 1989
Pine Grosbeak *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
House Finch *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Purple Finch *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Red Crossbill *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* X *X* *X* X 10  
White-winged Crossbill *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* X 10  
Common Redpoll *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* X 10  
Hoary Redpoll   *X*   *X* *X* *X*   X *X*   5  
Pine Siskin *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
American Goldfinch *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
Evening Grosbeak *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
PASSERIDAE (Old World Sparrows) 15/16 14/15 13/14 12/13 11/12 10/11 09/10 08/09 07/08 06/07 96-06 Pre-96
House Sparrow *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* *X* X *X* *X* *X* 10  
SINGLE WINTER TOTALS 198 202 187 205 200 197 187 204 189 204 Avg=197 25
DEPTHS OF WINTER LIST (DOWL) 149 149 134 153 146 148 N/A 152 144 150 Avg=147  
NOVA SCOTIA CUMULATIVE ALL-TIME WINTER SPECIES TOTAL = 347, Winter Single Season Average = 197 species for last 9 years (Totals do not include provisional species marked with a "P")